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Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998 Jun;52(6):452-8.

The effect of quality and amount of dietary fat on the susceptibility of low density lipoprotein to oxidation in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance.

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1
Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined the effects of a high fat diet rich in monounsaturated fat (MUFA-diet) and a moderate fat diet rich in polyunsaturated fat (PUFA-diet) on the susceptibility of LDL to oxidation.

SUBJECTS:

29 subjects with impaired glucose tolerance.

METHODS:

After consuming a run-in diet [37% of energy (E%) fat, 18 E% saturated fat] for three weeks, subjects were randomly assigned either to a MUFA-diet (40 E% fat, 19 E% monounsaturated fatty acids) or a PUFA-diet (34 E% fat, 10 E% polyunsaturated fat) for eight weeks. The susceptibility of LDL to oxidation was measured by challenging LDL with hemin and H2O2 and measuring the time for the reaction to reach maximum velocity. Results are expressed as lag time to oxidation in minutes.

RESULTS:

In the PUFA-diet group (n = 15) lag time tended to decrease during the experimental diet (97 +/- 28 vs 90 +/- 25 min, mean +/- s.d., P = 0.073), whereas in the MUFA-diet group (n = 14) there was no significant change (lag time 96 +/- 24 vs 100 +/- 16 min, P = 0.408). The mean change in lag time was -7 +/- 14 min (-7.2%) in the PUFA-diet group and +4 +/- 16 min (+4.0%) in the MUFA-diet group (P = 0.029, PUFA-diet group vs MUFA-diet group). The alpha-tocopherol concentration in LDL increased significantly (P < 0.01) in both diet groups relative to the run-in diet period, but LDL particle score did not change in either of the diet groups during the dietary intervention. In subjects with impaired glucose tolerance a PUFA-rich diet with a moderate amount of fat tended to increase the susceptibility of LDL to oxidation as compared to a higher fat diet rich in MUFA. Furthermore, the negative mean change in lag time to oxidation found in the PUFA-diet group differed significantly from the slightly positive mean change found in the MUFA-diet group.

PMID:
9683400
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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