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Mol Immunol. 1998 Feb;35(2):95-101.

Sequence comparisons of non-human primate HIV-1 coreceptor homologues.

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University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Oklahoma City 73104, USA.


Infection of non-human primate peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in vitro with primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolates is extremely inefficient and often unattainable. The mechanism of resistance to infection by primary HIV-1 isolates in chimpanzee and baboon PBMCs is unknown. In this study, two HIV-1 coreceptors, CCR5 and CXCR4, were sequenced from chimpanzee and baboon PBMCs to determine if any sequence variations or mutations in these genes could be responsible for resistance to HIV infection. Primers were designed from the human coreceptor sequences and were able to amplify the CCR5 and CXCR4 genes from these non-human primate cells. No 32 base pair deletion (delta32) mutations were found in any of the non-human primate samples tested. CXCR4 sequence analysis showed chimpanzee and baboon share 99.7 and 98% nucleotide sequence homology and 100 and 98.9% amino acid sequence homology, respectively, compared to the human sequence. CCR5 sequence analysis demonstrated that chimpanzee and baboon share 99.6 and 98% nucleotide homology and 100 and 98% amino acid homology, respectively, with the human sequence. These data indicate that no variations in these coreceptor gene sequences exist that can explain the lack of susceptibility to infection with primary HIV-1 isolates in non-human primate PBMCs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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