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Doc Ophthalmol. 1997-1998;94(3):253-63.

Little correlation of the pattern electroretinogram (PERG) and visual field measures in early glaucoma.

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Universit├Ąts-Augenklinik, Freiburg, Germany.


Pattern-electroretinograms (PERG) to checkerboard reversal at 16/s. 0.8 degrees and 15 degrees check size and visual fields (Octopus G1) were retrospectively analyzed in 40 eyes of 30 patients with early glaucoma. The mean visual field defect was calculated separately for the central 26 degrees x 34 degrees covered by the PERG stimulus (MDc) and the more peripheral area (MDp) surrounding the stimulus. Deeper field loss was correlated with a reduced pattern electroretinogram amplitude (p < 0.01 for both MDp and MDc), indicating that the pattern electroretinogram deteriorates as glaucoma advances. If the analysis was confined to those 18 eyes (16 patients) that had no field defect within the area covered by the PERG stimulus (normal MDc but abnormal MDp), 13 of these had an abnormal PERG amplitude (p < 0.001). The results suggest that the PERG can reveal impairment of ganglion cell function that is not detected by conventional perimetry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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