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Oncogene. 1998 Jun 25;16(25):3279-84.

Interaction of radixin with Rho small G protein GDP/GTP exchange protein Dbl.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan.


The Rho small G protein family, consisting of the Rho, Rac, and Cdc42 subfamilies, regulates various actin cytoskeleton-dependent cell functions. The Rho subfamily members regulate ERM (ezrin, radixin and moesin)-dependent association of the actin cytoskeleton with the plasma membrane. Moreover, the N-terminal regions of ERM interact with Rho GDI, an inhibitory regulator of all the Rho family members, and reduce its inhibitory action, finally initiating the activation of the Rho family members. We show here that the N-terminal region of radixin furthermore interacts with Dbl, a stimulatory GDP/GTP exchange protein of the Rho family members. This interaction does not affect the Dbl activity to stimulate the GDP/GTP exchange reaction of RhoA, a member of the Rho subfamily. Dbl does not interact with radixin which is precomplexed with Rho GDI, and Rho GDI displaces Dbl from radixin. Thus, radixin plays an important role in activation of the Rho family members by recruiting their positive and negative regulators.

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