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Histochem Cell Biol. 1998 May-Jun;109(5-6):555-70.

Endocytic routes to the Golgi apparatus.

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Institute of Histology and Embryology, University of Innsbruck, Austria.


The endocytic routes of labelled lectins as well as cationic ferritin were studied in cells with a regulated secretion, i.e. pancreatic beta cells, and in constitutively secreting cells, i.e. fibroblasts and HepG2 hepatoma cells, paying particular attention to routes into the Golgi apparatus. Considerable amounts of internalised molecules were taken up into the trans Golgi network (TGN) and into Golgi subcompartments in all three cell types as well as in secretory granules of the pancreatic beta cells. The internalised materials did not pass rapidly the TGN and Golgi stacks, but were still present hours after internalisation, being then particularly concentrated in TGN-elements and in the transmost Golgi cisterna. Endocytosed materials reached forming secretory granules present in the TGN. Further, direct fusion between endocytotic vesicles and mature secretory granules was observed. Golgi subcompartments as well as endocytic TGN containing endocytosed materials were in close apposition to specialised regions of the endoplasmic reticulum. The Golgi apparatus including its parts containing endocytosed materials were transformed into a tubular reticulum upon treatment with the fungal metabolite Brefeldin A. Rarely, internalised material was observed in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum, thus providing evidence for an endocytic plasma membrane to endoplasmic reticulum route.

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