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Blood. 1998 Aug 1;92(3):867-76.

Characterization of the role of the human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor alpha subunit in the activation of JAK2 and STAT5.

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1
Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

The high-affinity human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptor (GMR) consists of an alpha (GMRalpha) and a common beta (betac) subunit. The intracellular domain of betac has been extensively characterized and has been shown to be critical for the activation of both the JAK/STAT and MAP kinase pathways. The function of the intracellular domain of GMRalpha, however, is not as well characterized. To determine the role of this domain in GMR signaling, an extensive structure-function analysis was performed. Truncation mutants alpha362, alpha371, and alpha375 were generated, as well as the site-directed mutants alphaVQVQ and alphaVVVV. Although alpha375beta, alphaVQNQbeta, and alphaVVVVbeta stimulated proliferation in response to human GM-CSF, the truncation mutants alpha362beta and alpha371beta were incapable of transducing a proliferative signal. In addition, both alpha371 and alphaVVVV were expressed at markedly reduced levels, indicating the importance of residues 372 to 374 for proper protein expression. More importantly, we show that GMRalpha plays a direct role in the activation of the JAK/STAT pathway, and electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) indicate that both GMRalpha and betac play a role in determining the STAT5 DNA binding complex activated by the GMR. Thus, the intracellular domain of the human GMRalpha is important for activation of the JAK/STAT pathway and protein stabilization.

PMID:
9680354
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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