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Extremophiles. 1997 Aug;1(3):117-23.

Molecular analyses of the sediment of the 11,000-m deep Mariana Trench.

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The Deepstar Group, Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, Yokosuka.


We have obtained sediment samples from the world's deepest sea-bottom, the Mariana Trench challenger point at a depth of 10,898 m, using the new unmanned submersible Kaiko. DNA was extracted from the sediment, and DNA fragments encoding several prokaryotic ribosomal RNA small-subunit sequences and pressure-regulated gene clusters, typically identified in deep-sea adapted bacteria, were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction. From the sequencing results, at least two kinds of bacterial 16S rRNAs closely related to those of the genus Pseudomonas and deep-sea adapted marine bacteria, and archaeal 16S rRNAs related to that of a planktonic marine archaeon were identified. The sequences of the amplified pressure-regulated clusters were more similar to those of deep-sea barophilic bacteria than those of barotolerant bacteria. These results suggest that deep-sea adapted barophilic bacteria, planktonic marine archaea, and some of the world's most widespread bacteria (the genus Pseudomonas) coexist on the world's deepest sea-bottom.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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