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J Urol. 1998 Aug;160(2):592-6.

Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in mice with Pseudomonas-induced pyelonephritis.

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1
Department of Urology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the renal inflammatory process, we studied the time-course fluctuation of ICAM-1 expression on inflammatory lesions in mice with experimentally induced bacterial pyelonephritis and the effect of in vivo administration of an anti-ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) on leukocytic migration.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Ascending pyelonephritis was induced by transurethral instillation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the expression of ICAM-1 in the pyelonephritic lesions was studied by immunohistochemical methods.

RESULTS:

The expression of ICAM-1 on the pyelonephritic lesions closely paralleled the degree of infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages until 3 days after infection. At 7 days after infection, though the degree of infiltration of these cells was quite high, expression of ICAM-1 was reduced. Treatment with the anti-ICAM-1 mAb in mice with bacterial pyelonephritis resulted in suppression of influx of neutrophils and macrophages in the infected sites until 3 days after infection. However, at 7 days after infection inhibition of the influx of these cells was not seen.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that ICAM-1 expression is transient and plays a key role in the influx of neutrophils and macrophages associated with the early-phase response, and that in the late phase ICAM-1 independent adhesion molecules may be more predominant.

PMID:
9679934
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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