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J Urol. 1998 Aug;160(2):561-70.

Sensitization of human bladder cancer cells to Fas-mediated cytotoxicity by cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II).

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Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.



The resistance of bladder cancer to anticancer chemotherapeutic drugs is a major problem. Several immunotherapeutic approaches have been developed to treat drug-resistant tumor cells. The Fas antigen (Fas)-Fas ligand pathway is involved in cytotoxic T lymphocyte and natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Like the Fas ligand, anti-Fas monoclonal antibody (mAb) induces apoptosis in tumor cells expressing Fas. Several anticancer drugs also mediate apoptosis and may share with Fas common intracellular pathways leading to cell killing. We reasoned that treatment of drug-resistant cancer cells with a combination of anti-Fas mAb and drugs might overcome their resistance. This study has investigated whether anticancer drugs synergize with anti-Fas mAb in cytotoxicity against bladder cancer cells.


Cytotoxicity was determined by a 1-day microculture tetrazolium dye assay. Synergy was assessed by isobolographic analysis.


Treatment of the T24 human bladder cancer cell line with anti-Fas mAb in combination with 5-fluorouracil, mitomycin C or methotrexate did not overcome resistance to these agents. However, treatment of T24 tumor cells with a combination of anti-Fas mAb and cisdiamminedichloroplatinum (II) (CDDP) resulted in a synergistic cytotoxic effect. In addition, the CDDP-resistant T24 line (T24/CDDP) was sensitive to treatment with a combination of anti-Fas mAb and CDDP. Synergy by combination of anti-Fas mAb and CDDP was also achieved in three other bladder cancer lines and four freshly derived human bladder cancer cells. The combination of anti-Fas mAb and carboplatin also resulted in a synergistic cytotoxic effect on T24 cells; however, the combination of anti-Fas mAb and trans-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) resulted in an additive cytotoxic effect. Treatment with CDDP enhanced the expression of Fas on T24 cells. The synergy achieved in cytotoxicity with anti-Fas mAb and CDDP was also achieved in apoptosis. Incubation of T24 cells with anti-Fas mAb increased the intracellular accumulation of CDDP. Treatment of freshly isolated bladder cancer cells with CDDP enhanced their susceptibility to lysis by autologous lymphocytes.


This study demonstrates that combination treatment of bladder cancer cells with anti-Fas mAb and CDDP overcomes their resistance. Synergy was achieved with established CDDP-resistant bladder cancer cells and freshly isolated bladder cancer cells. In addition, the sensitization required low concentrations of CDDP, thus supporting the potential in vivo application of combination of CDDP and immunotherapy in the treatment of CDDP- and/or immunotherapy-resistant bladder cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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