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J Urol. 1998 Aug;160(2):454-8.

Incidence of fecal and urinary incontinence following radical perineal and retropubic prostatectomy in a national population.

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1
Department of Urology, Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Since 1991 we have performed more than 300 anatomical radical perineal prostatectomies at Brooke Army and Wilford Hall Medical Centers, and were initially aware of 8 patients who presented with unsolicited postoperative fecal incontinence. We determined the incidence of fecal and urinary incontinence following radical prostatectomy, defined parameters to identify patients at risk for fecal complaints following radical prostatectomy, and estimated the impact of fecal incontinence on lifestyle and activities.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Initially a validated 26-question telephone survey was used to evaluate 227 patients who had previously undergone radical prostatectomy at 1 of our 2 institutions. Based on results of the telephone survey a national survey was mailed to 1,200 radical prostatectomy patients randomly selected from a nationwide database of Department of Defense health care system beneficiaries. All patients had undergone radical perineal or retropubic prostatectomy at least 12 months before being contacted for the survey.

RESULTS:

Responses to the telephone survey from 227 patients revealed that fecal incontinence was a problem after radical retropubic (5%) and perineal (18%) prostatectomy and less than 50% of those with fecal incontinence had told the physician. Our mail survey (response rate 80% and 78% usable for analysis, 784 radical perineal and 123 perineal) strongly indicated that fecal incontinence after radical prostatectomy is a problem nationwide. Frequency of fecal incontinence (daily, weekly, monthly or less than monthly occurrences) was significantly higher among radical perineal (3, 9, 3 and 16%) compared to retropubic prostatectomy (2, 5, 3, and 8%) patients (p=0.002). Fecal incontinence had a significant negative effect on patient social or entertainment activities (p=0.029), and travel and vacation plans (p=0.043). Radical perineal compared to retropubic prostatectomy patients were more likely to wear a pad for stool leakage (p=0.013), experienced more accidents (p=0.001), had larger amounts of stool leakage (p=0.002) and had less formed stools (p=0.001). Of radical perineal prostatectomy patients only 14% and of retropubic only 7% with fecal incontinence had ever told a health care provider about it, even when the incontinence was severe. Responses to our survey concerning urinary incontinence showed that radical perineal prostatectomy patients had a lower rate of urinary incontinence immediately after prostatectomy compared to retropubic (79 versus 85%, p=0.043). A higher proportion of perineal patients reported that all urinary leakage had ceased, that is full continence had returned (perineal 70%, retropubic 53%, p=0.001). A smaller proportion of perineal patients found it necessary to wear a pad to protect from urinary incontinence (perineal 39%, retropubic 56%, p=0.004).

CONCLUSIONS:

Fecal incontinence following radical prostatectomy occurs more frequently than previously recognized. In general fecal incontinence among radical perineal and retropubic prostatectomy patients surpasses the expected incidence rate of 4% for this age group (60 to 70 years) but incidence is significantly higher for radical perineal prostatectomy patients. However, radical perineal prostatectomy patients have a significantly lower incidence of urinary incontinence than those treated with retropubic prostatectomy. Surgeons who perform radical retropubic and perineal prostatectomy should be aware of the possibility of fecal and/or urinary incontinence and associated symptoms.

PMID:
9679897
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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