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Genes Funct. 1997 Nov;1(4):259-71.

A novel Xenopus homologue of bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7).

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Laboratory of Developmental Biology, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD 20852-1448, USA.


We identified a Xenopus gene closely related to mammalian bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-7 (also termed osteogenic protein-1 or OP-1). It resembles the mammalian gene in primary structure and expression pattern much more closely than does a previously described Xenopus homologue, originally termed XBMP-7 [Nishimatsu, Suzuki, Shoda, Murakami and Ueno (1992) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 186, 1487-1495]. The novel gene has therefore been designated XBMP-7 and the gene described earlier has been renamed XBMP-7R (M. Moos and N. Ueno, unpublished work). It has a broad distribution, primarily in the anterior and posterior ventral regions during gastrulation, subsequently becoming prominent at different stages in a wide variety of structures (eyes, neural structures, heart, pronephros, posterior ventral region and other structures), paralleling the distribution of XBMP-4 closely. However, its expression begins later than that of XBMP-4 during gastrulation. Lithium treatment of embryos concentrates the XBMP-7 expression in the expanded eye and heart structures. Ventral overexpression of XBMP-7 produces large protrusions that ultimately develop colouration characteristic of haemoglobin, which is confirmed by markedly expanded expression of alpha-globin. Dorsal overexpression suppresses dorsal anterior structures. Molecular analysis of animal caps overexpressing XBMP-7 reveals induction of markers associated with ventral and haematopoietic tissue, which is consistent with whole-embryo overexpression results. Globin induction by XBMP-7 can be blocked by a truncated BMP receptor previously shown to interrupt BMP-4 signalling, indicating XBMP-7 also interacts with this receptor. Our data support the concept that XBMP-7 may play a variety of roles during embryogenesis, and suggest a possible role in haematogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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