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Behav Neurosci. 1998 Jun;112(3):541-53.

Bidirectional processing in the olfactory-limbic axis during olfactory behavior.

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Graduate Group in Biophysics, University of California, Berkeley, USA.


Field potentials were recorded simultaneously from the olfactory bulb (OB), prepyriform cortex (PPC), entorhinal cortex (EC), and dentate gyrus (DG) of rats trained to respond to appetitively reinforced odors. Preafferent anticipatory events in the beta band (12-35 Hz) suggest transmission from EC to OB before the odorant stimulus. Gamma band (35-120 Hz) power in olfactory regions is significantly reduced during stimulus presentation as compared with high values during preafferent expectation. High coherence of OB and PPC gamma activity during the preodorant control period is interrupted before the stimulus and is followed by increased gamma coherence among OB, EC, and DG. These results suggest that olfactory perceptual processing is bidirectional and covers a wide frequency range.

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