Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Jul 15;148(2):173-81.

Does paternal occupational lead exposure increase the risks of low birth weight or prematurity?

Author information

  • 1Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology, New York State Department of Health, Albany 12203, USA.


The relation between paternal occupational lead exposure and low birth weight/prematurity was examined in a retrospective cohort study. Birth weight and gestational age (1981-1992), obtained from New York State birth certificates, were compared between lead-exposed and nonexposed workers. The exposed group (n = 4,256) consisted of births to male workers of reproductive age reported to the New York State Heavy Metals Registry. The control group (n = 2,318) consisted of the offspring of a random sample of male bus drivers, frequency matched by age and residence. There were no statistically significant differences in birth weight or gestational age between the exposed and the control groups. However, workers who had elevated blood lead levels for more than 5 years had a higher risk of fathering a child with low birth weight (risk ratio = 3.85, 95% confidence interval 1.5-9.88) or prematurity (risk ratio = 2.45, 95% confidence interval 1.03-5.84) than did controls after adjustment for paternal age, low maternal education, race, residence, gravidity, maternal spontaneous abortion history, perinatal complications, adequacy of prenatal care, and infant gender. The risks of low birth weight and prematurity increased with the duration of exposure to lead. Our results were limited by the inability to control for some potential confounders, such as pregravid underweight and maternal nutrition status.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center