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Yeast. 1998 Jun 15;14(8):711-21.

Transcriptional co-regulation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae alcohol acetyltransferase gene, ATF1 and delta-9 fatty acid desaturase gene, OLE1 by unsaturated fatty acids.

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Central Laboratories for Key Technology, Kirin Brewery Co. Ltd., Kanagawa, Japan.


The ATF1 gene encodes an alcohol acetyl transferase which catalyzes the synthesis of acetate esters from acetyl CoA and several kinds of alcohols. ATF1 expression is repressed by unsaturated fatty acids or oxygen. Analysis using ATF1-lacZ fusion plasmid revealed that ATF1 gene expression is widely repressed by a variety of unsaturated fatty acids, and the degree of ATF1 transcriptional repression varies according to the structure of the unsaturated fatty acids. Interestingly, it was noted that the degree of ATF1 transcriptional repression was related to the melting point of unsaturated fatty acids added to the medium. The OLE1 gene, which encodes delta-9 fatty acid desaturase, has been reported to be repressed by unsaturated fatty acids. Transcription of OLE1 was also repressed by a wide variety of unsaturated fatty acids under anaerobic conditions. The degree of transcriptional repression of OLE1 was also related to the melting point of the added unsaturated fatty acids. Therefore, it is considered that ATF1 and OLE1 transcription are regulated in response to cell membrane fluidity. As has been reported for OLE1, the repression of ATF1 by unsaturated fatty acids was relieved in a disruptant carrying a faa1 and faa4 double mutation, two fatty acid activation genes. However, the ATF1 transcript in this double gene disruptant was repressed by oxygen. These results suggested that ATF1 transcription was co-regulated by the same mechanism as the OLE1 gene and that unsaturated fatty acids and oxygen repressed the ATF1 transcript by a different regulation pathway.

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