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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Jul 20;248(2):426-31.

Molecular analysis of glycogen storage disease type Ib: identification of a prevalent mutation among Japanese patients and assignment of a putative glucose-6-phosphate translocase gene to chromosome 11.

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  • 1Department of Medical Genetics, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8574, Japan.


Glycogen storage disease type Ib (GSD-Ib) is an inborn error of metabolism with autosomal recessive inheritance, caused by defects in microsomal transport of glucose-6-phosphate. Recently, Gerin et al isolated a human cDNA encoding a putative transporter homologous to bacterial transporters of hexose-6-phosphate, and identified two mutations in its gene in two patients with GSD-Ib (9). Independently, a linkage analysis mapped the GSD-Ib gene on chromosome 11q23 (10). It remains to be elucidated whether the two genes are identical or GSD-Ib is genetically heterogeneous. We first mapped the transporter gene on chromosome 11 by using a DNA panel of human/hamster hybridoma cells. The result suggested that the GSD-Ib genes identified by the two distinct approaches may be identical and GSD-Ib was allelic. We then studied four unrelated Japanese families with GSD-Ib, and found three novel mutations: a four-base deletion/two-base insertion, a point mutation within a consensus splicing donor site, and a missense mutation (W118R). The W118R mutation was found in 4 out of 8 mutant alleles, suggesting that it is prevalent among Japanese patients.

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