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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Jul 9;248(1):190-5.

Polymorphisms of the calcitonin receptor gene are associated with bone mineral density in postmenopausal Italian women.

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Department of Clinical Physiopathology, University of Florence, Italy.


Recognition of a major genetic component in bone mass determination represented the basis for studies aiming to the identification of underlying major and minor genes. Bone mineral density (BMD) represents the continuous trait to be quantified in order to evaluate segregation of candidate genes with risk of osteoporosis. Polymorphisms at the vitamin D receptor (VDR), estrogen receptor, (ER), collagen type I, and interleukin 6 (IL6) gene loci have been correlated to BMD. However, in a polygenic disorder, such as osteoporosis, the number of genes expected to influence BMD is very large. In the present study we examined the presence of restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) for the calcitonin receptor (CTR) gene in postmenopausal women. We identified a polymorphic (Tt) site at the CTR gene locus using the Taq I restriction fragment enzyme. Three genotypes were observed, whose Tt was the most frequent in our population (49.7%). In addition, Ancova analysis and Tukey's test showed that women with tt genotype had significantly lower lumbar BMD in comparison with Tt genotype (Tukey's test: p = 0.005). In conclusion, evidence of RFLPs at the CTR gene locus in Caucasian postmenopausal women of Italian origin made it possible to identify the involvement of another gene, the CTR gene, in the determination of bone mass.

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