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Oncogene. 1998 Jul 16;17(2):255-60.

Tyrosine-614, the major autophosphorylation site of the receptor tyrosine kinase HEK2, functions as multi-docking site for SH2-domain mediated interactions.

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Chemotherapeutisches Forschungsinstitut, Georg-Speyer-Haus, Frankfurt, Germany.


HEK2 belongs to the family of EPH-related receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) which are involved in axonal pathfinding and the formation of the embryonic body plan. The knowledge about intracellular pathways of signal transduction mediated by EPH-related receptors is still limited. Many of the known key players of cellular signalling contain Src homology 2 (SH2) domains, which recognize phosphotyrosine motifs in RTKs. Thus, we examined the interactions of various SH2-containing molecules like PLC-gamma1, rasGAP, p85 subunit of PI3-kinase, Src, Fyn, Crk, Nck, Grb2 and Shc with HEK2 using in vitro binding assays, immunoprecipitations and yeast Two-Hybrid assays. We found that rasGAP, Crk and Fyn bind in a SH2-dependent manner to autophosphorylated HEK2. rasGAP, which contains two SH2- and one SH3-domain, was shown to associate with its N-terminal SH2-domain to HEK2. Furthermore, we demonstrated that a single amino acid substitution (Y614F) clearly reduces the phosphotyrosine content of HEK2 and abrogates its ability to bind rasGAP, Crk and Fyn indicating that this residue functions as major phosphorylation and multi-docking site. The conservation of this predicted binding site among various EPH-related RTKs provides evidence that Fyn, Crk and rasGAP are key players in signal transduction of at least a subset of these receptors.

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