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World J Surg. 1998 Aug;22(8):853-7; discussion 857-8.

Expression of CD44 variant 6 and lymphatic invasion: importance to lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer.

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Department of Surgery, Osaka Police Hospital, Japan.


Lymph node metastasis is a critical prognostic factor for gastric cancer. In the present investigation we examined clinicopathologic factors influencing the metastatic processes to the lymph mode and their prognostic importance. A randomly selected group of 98 patients with adenocarcinomas of the stomach who underwent gastrectomy plus systematic lymph node dissection at Osaka Police Hospital from 1991 to 1996 were analyzed. Altogether 37 (38%) cancers were positive for CD44 variant 6 (v6) staining, 31 (32%) were intermediately stained, and 30 (30%) were negative. CD44-v6 expression correlated well with lymph node metastasis. Expression of CD44-v6 and lymphatic invasion were independent risk factors for metastatic lymph nodes. Among the patients with CD44-v6-positive and lymphatic invasion-positive cancers, 88% had lymph node metastasis, whereas only 13% of patients negative for both factors had lymph node metastasis. Although CD44-v6 expression and lymphatic invasion have been reported to be risk factors for recurrence and a poor prognosis, in this investigation these factors were found not to be significant for hematogenous and lymphatic recurrences or overall survival rates. Thus expression of CD44-v6 and lymphatic invasion may regulate lymph node metastases from gastric cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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