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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1998 Jun 15;163(2):129-34.

A Salmonella typhimurium mutant unable to utilize fatty acids and citrate is avirulent and immunogenic in mice.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Molecular Genetics, University of Rhode Island, Kingston 02881, USA.

Abstract

Salmonella typhimurium SR-11 is extremely virulent at a dose as low as 10(5) colony forming units (cfu) when administered perorally to BALB/c mice. Utilizing mini-transposon mutagenesis, a mutant of S. typhimurium SR-11 was isolated that was unable to utilize oleate and citrate as carbon sources. This mutant, designated S. typhimurium SR-11 Fad- (Fatty acid), was found to utilize sugars under cya/crp control as sole carbon sources, suggesting that the mutation is not in either of these genes. In addition, SR-11 Fad- utilized pyruvate and succinate, but was unable to utilize either acetate or isocitrate as sole carbon source. In contrast to SR-11, SR-11 Fad- was found to be avirulent, i.e. BALB/c mice were completely healthy after oral infection with 10(9) S. typhimurium SR-11 Fad- cells. Moreover, 21 days after SR-11 Fad- infection, BALB/c mice were found to be protected against an oral challenge with 10(9) cells of S. typhimurium SR-11.

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