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Cell Stress Chaperones. 1998 Jun;3(2):118-29.

Differential interactions of p23 and the TPR-containing proteins Hop, Cyp40, FKBP52 and FKBP51 with Hsp90 mutants.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha 68198-6260, USA.


Hsp90 is required for the normal function of steroid receptors, but its binding to steroid receptors is mediated by Hsc70 and several hsp-associated accessory proteins. An assortment of Hsp90 mutants were tested for their abilities to interact with each of the following accessories: Hop, Cyp40, FKBP52, FKBP51, and p23. Of the 11 Hsp90 mutants tested, all were defective to some extent in associating with progestin (PR) complexes. In every case, however, reduced PR binding correlated with a defect in binding of one or more accessories. Co-precipitation of mutant Hsp90 forms with individual accessories was used to map Hsp90 sequences required for accessory protein interactions. Mutation of Hsp90's highly conserved C-terminal EEVD to AAVD resulted in diminished interactions with several accessory proteins, most particularly with Hop. Deletion of amino acids 661-677 resulted in loss of Hsp90 dimerization and also caused diminished interactions with all accessory proteins. Binding of p23 mapped most strongly to the N-terminal ATP-binding domain of Hsp90 while binding of TPR proteins mapped to the C-terminal half of Hsp90. These results and others further suggest that the N- and C-terminal regions of Hsp90 maintain important conformational links through intramolecular interactions and/or intermolecular influences in homodimers.

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