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J Neuroimmunol. 1998 Jul 1;87(1-2):203-9.

Inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase IV/CD26 suppress activation of human MBP-specific CD4+ T cell clones.

Author information

1
Institute of Experimental Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany. dirk.reinhold@medizin.uni-magdeburg.de

Abstract

The ectoenzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV, EC 3.4.14.5, CD26) has been shown to play a crucial role in T cell activation. Specific inhibitors of DP IV suppress DNA synthesis as well as cytokine production (IL-2, IL-10, IL-12, IFN-gamma) of stimulated human and mouse T cells suggesting a potential application of these effectors in transplantations and autoimmune diseases. In the present study, we have examined the expression of DP IV/CD26 on six myelin basic protein (MBP)(87-99)-specific, CD4+ T cell clones (TCC) derived from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) as well as the biological effects of the two synthetic DP IV inhibitors Lys[Z(NO2)]-thiazolidide and Lys[Z(NO2)]-pyrrolidide on the function of these cells. All TCC expressed high levels of DP IV/CD26, as shown by flow cytometry and by enzymatic DP IV assay. Enzymatic activity of resting TCC was found to be three to fourfold higher than on resting peripheral blood T cells and close to that of T cells 48 h after PHA stimulation. The DP IV inhibitors suppress DNA synthesis and IFN-gamma, IL-4, and TNF-alpha production of the antigen-stimulated TCC. These data suggest that CD26 plays a role in regulation of activation of autoreactive TCC. Further in-vivo investigations, first in experimental models, will clarify, whether the inhibition of the enzymatic activity of DP IV could be a useful tool for therapeutic interventions in MS or other autoimmune diseases.

PMID:
9670864
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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