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EMBO J. 1998 Jul 15;17(14):4046-55.

Transcriptional activation of c-fos by oncogenic Ha-Ras in mouse mammary epithelial cells requires the combined activities of PKC-lambda, epsilon and zeta.

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Institute of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry and the Institute of Medical Biology, University of Innsbruck, A-6020, Innsbruck, Austria.


The implication of protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms cPKC-alpha, nPKC-epsilon, aPKC-lambda and aPKC-zeta in the transcriptional activation of a c-fos promoter-driven CAT-reporter construct by transforming Ha-Ras has been investigated. This was achieved by employing antisense constructs encoding RNA directed against isoform-specific 5' sequences of the corresponding mRNA, and expression of PKC mutants representing either kinase-defective, dominant negative, or constitutively active forms of the PKC isoforms. The data indicate that in HC11 mouse mammary epithelial cells, transforming Ha-Ras requires the activities of the three PKC isozymes: aPKC-lambda, nPKC-epsilon and aPKC-zeta, not, however, of cPKC-alpha, for the transcriptional activation of c-fos. Co-expression of oncogenic Ha-Ras with combinations of kinase-defective, dominant negative and constitutively active mutants of the various PKC isozymes are in agreement with a tentative model suggesting that, in the signaling pathway from Ha-Ras to the c-fos promoter, aPKC-lambda acts upstream whereas aPKC-zeta functions downstream of nPKC-epsilon.

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