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Pediatr Res. 1998 Jul;44(1):85-92.

Genetic analysis of 13 families with X-linked chronic granulomatous disease reveals a low proportion of sporadic patients and a high proportion of sporadic carriers.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.


X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD) is the most common type of CGD, whose responsible gene has been identified and termed as CYBB, according to the gp91-phox, a subunit of cytochrome b558. Although approximately 200 different mutations of the gp91-phox gene have been reported, no precise study of the proportion of sporadic cases in X-CGD, based on molecular genetic analysis, has been reported. We made a genetic analysis of six newly identified X-CGD patients together with that of eight previously reported X-CGD patients. The mutations newly detected were three missense mutations, two splice mutations, and one insertion of 2 bases. All of the mutations were novel. Twelve mothers (two of them came from the same family) and four maternal grandmothers from 13 different X-CGD families were available for further genetic studies. It was revealed that a proportion of sporadic patients was low and that of sporadic carriers was high. These results suggest that the mutation for the disease originates mainly from male gametes.

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