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Neuroreport. 1998 Jun 1;9(8):1793-8.

Medullary swallowing-related neurons in the anesthetized cat.

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Department of Otolaryngology, Saga Medical School, Nabeshima, Japan.


Swallowing-related neurons (SRNs) were recorded systematically in the medulla oblongata of urethane-anesthetized cats. The SRNs received orthodromic inputs from the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) and showed transient changes in their activity synchronous with swallowing. These neurons could be divided into three types. Type I SRNs are sensory-relay neurons from the SLN in the nucleus of the tractus solitarius (NTS), type II are interneurons located diffusely in the parvocellular reticular formation ventral to the NTS, which received oligosynaptic inputs from the SLN, and type III are motoneurons in the nucleus ambiguus. Some type II neurons still showed the swallowing activity after the animals were paralysed, which suggests that they could be involved in the generation of swallowing outputs.

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