Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Pathol. 1998 Jul;153(1):141-8.

Genetic alterations in hormone-refractory recurrent prostate carcinomas.

Author information

Laboratory of Cancer Genetics, Institute of Medical Technology, University of Tampere and Tampere University Hospital, Finland.


To study the genetic basis of tumor progression, we have screened 37 hormone-refractory prostate carcinomas for genetic changes by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). All recurrent tumors showed genetic aberrations, with a mean total number of changes per tumor of 11.4 (range, 3 to 23). The most common genetic aberrations were losses of 8p (72.5%), 13q (50%), 1p (50%), 22 (45%), 19 (45%), 10q (42.5%), and 16q (42.5%) and gains of 8q (72.5%), 7q (40%), Xq (32.5%), and 18q (32.5%). The CGH results were further validated with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using probes for pericentromeric regions of chromosomes 7, 8, and 18 as well as probes for caveolin (7q31), c-myc (8q24), and bcl-2 (18q21.3). In addition, the samples had previously been analyzed for androgen receptor gene copy number. CGH and FISH results were concordant in 78% of cases. Seventeen of twenty-two tumors showed an increased copy number of c-myc by FISH. However, only 5 of 17 (29%) of the cases showed high-level (more than threefold) amplification. Both CGH and FISH findings suggested that in most of the cases 8q gain involves the whole q-arm of the chromosome. Four of seventeen (24%) cases showed increased copy number of bcl-2 by FISH; however, no high-level amplifications were found. To evaluate the clonal relationship of the primary and recurrent tumors, six primary-recurrent tumor pairs from the same patients were studied by CGH. In three of six cases (50%), the recurrent tumor had more than one-half of the aberrations found in the corresponding primary tumor, indicating a close clonal relationship. In the rest of the cases, such a linear clonal relationship was less evident. Altogether, these results suggest that recurrent prostate carcinomas are genetically unstable. The resulting heterogeneity may well underlie the poor responsiveness of hormone-refractory tumors to treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center