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Headache. 1998 Jun;38(6):465-7.

Cytokines and migraine: increase of IL-5 and IL-4 plasma levels.

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Dipartimento di Clinica Medica, Immunologia e Malattie Infettive -MIDIM-, Universitá di Bari, Italy.


Thirty-two patients suffering from migraine without aura were assessed during in interictal period to evaluate the contribution of cytokines to the pathophysiology of migraine. To this end, plasma levels of IFN-gamma, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) techniques. Plasma levels of both IFN-gamma and IL-10 were not increased in the patients and did not differ significantly from healthy controls. Of interest, we observed a strong increase of IL-5 levels in 84.3% as well as increased IL-4 levels in 37.5% of patients with migraine without aura. These results suggests a preferential enhancement of some Th2-type cytokines, and may support the growing arguments of an immunoallergic mechanism in the pathophysiology of migraine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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