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Int J Oncol. 1998 Aug;13(2):233-9.

Cdk2/cdc2 expression in colon carcinogenesis and effects of cdk2/cdc2 inhibitor in colon cancer cells.

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Department of Surgery II, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Osaka 565, Japan.


Cyclin dependent kinases propel the cell cycle in collaboration with cyclins. We have examined the expression of cdk2/cdc2 in adenoma and focal carcinoma in adenomatous tissue to explore their role in tumorigenesis of colorectum. Immunohistochemical study revealed that cdk2/cdc2 was overexpressed in a subsets of adenoma (14/50; 28.0%) but this overexpression was much more obvious in focal carcinoma (13/15; 86.7%). These results suggest that cdk2/cdc2 is remarkably upregulated together with a malignant change. In an effort to demonstrate a significant role for cdk2/cdc2 in colon cancer, we investigated growth and apoptosis with butyrolactone I, a specific inhibitor for cdk2/cdc2, using 4 colon carcinoma cell lines (HCT116, LoVo, HT29, Colo 320DM). Butyrolactone I inhibited proliferation of all colon carcinoma cell lines at 100 microM and it induced apoptosis in LoVo cell line with induction of p53. Our findings suggest that inhibition of cdk2/cdc2 may be a useful strategy against colon cancer.

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