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Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1998 Jul;53(7):450-5.

DDAVP use during pregnancy: an analysis of its safety for mother and child.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Synthetic 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin (DDAVP) is used in the management of diabetes insipidus (DI). We conducted a systematic literature review of DDAVP use during pregnancy, with particular attention to its safety for both mother and infant. Studies were identified through Ovid MEDLINE from 1976 to July 1997 using the combined terms "desmopressin," "DDAVP," and "pregnancy". Review articles and published letters were also explored. One hundred one articles were retrieved, of which 20 met all the inclusion criteria. Included in the 20 articles were 53 cases with the use of DDAVP for the management of DI. The therapeutic daily dose of DDAVP was approximately 29 micrograms intranasally (range 7.5-100 micrograms), with adequate DI control observed. Three of 14 women with sufficient information developed preeclampsia, a nonsignificant difference from the expected rate of 5 percent (the Fisher exact test, 2-P = .08). The mode of delivery was defined for 22 cases, with 16 uneventful vaginal births, and six cesarean delivery. There was no evidence of a drug interaction among the five women who received both DDAVP and intravenous oxytocin. Information was available on 49 live births born to DI mothers on DDAVP. The mean gestational age at delivery was 37.4 weeks (SD 1.3 weeks), with an estimated mean birth weight of 2963.8 gm (range 2000-4420 gm). Forty-three offspring were reported as healthy (event rate 87.8 percent; 95 percent CI 77.2-95.3 percent). Of the remaining six infants, one developed DI at 18 months of age; a second was under 2500 gm at birth, but survived; the third developed hypotonia and failure to thrive at 21 months, two others had Down syndrome; and the sixth died of severe cardiac anomalies. Similar data were seen among the 41 infants whose mothers had used DDAVP throughout pregnancy. In conclusion, DDAVP use during pregnancy seems to be safe for both mother and child. Delivery does not seem to be augmented by its use, nor are there likely any associated adverse neonatal effects. A large database of DDAVP use during pregnancy is needed to confirm these findings.

PMID:
9662731
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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