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Nat Med. 1998 Jul;4(7):835-8.

Inhibition of presenilin 1 expression is promoted by p53 and p21WAF-1 and results in apoptosis and tumor suppression.

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Fondation Jean Dausset-CEPH (Human Polymorphism Study Center), Paris, France.


Previously, we cloned a cDNA fragment, TSIP 2 (tumor suppressor inhibited pathway clone 2), that detects by northern blot analysis of M1-LTR6 cells a 3-kb mRNA downregulated during p53-induced apoptosis. Cloning the full-length TSIP 2 cDNA showed that it corresponds to the presenilin 1 (PS1) gene, in which mutations have been reported in early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease. Here we demonstrate that PS1 is downregulated in a series of model systems for p53-dependent and p53-independent apoptosis and tumor suppression. To investigate the biological relevance of this downregulation, we stably transfected U937 cells with antisense PS1 cDNA. The downregulation of PS1 in these U937 transfectants results in reduced growth with an increased fraction of the cells in apoptosis. When injected into mice homozygous for severe combined immunodeficiency disease (scid/scid mice), these cells show a suppression of their malignant phenotype. Our results indicate that PS1, initially identified in a neurodegenerative disease, may also be involved in the regulation of cancer-related pathways.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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