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Oncogene. 1998 Jun 11;16(23):3019-27.

Lysophosphatidic acid-induced association of SHP-2 with SHPS-1: roles of RHO, FAK, and a SRC family kinase.

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1
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

SHPS-1 is an approximately 120 kDa glycosylated receptor like protein that contains three immunoglobulin-like domains in its extracellular region as well as four potential tyrosine phosphorylation and SRC homology 2 (SH2) domain binding sites in its cytoplasmic region. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) stimulated the rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of SHPS-1 and its subsequent association with SHP-2, a protein tyrosine phosphatase containing SH2 domains in Rat-1 fibroblasts. LAP-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of SHPS-1 was inhibited by Clostridium botulinum C3 exoenzyme (which inactivates RHO) but not by pertussis toxin. The protein kinase C activator phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) also stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of SHPS-1; however, down-regulation of protein kinase C by prolonged exposure of cells to TPA did not affect LAP-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of SHPS-1. LPA-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of SHPS-1 was markedly reduced in either focal adhesion kinase (FAK)-deficient mouse cells or CHO cells overexpressing the tyrosine kinase CSK. Overexpression of a catalytically inactivate SHP-2 markedly inhibited MAP kinase activation in response to low concentrations of LPA in CHO cells, whereas overexpression of a wild-type SHPS-1 did enhance this effect of LPA. Furthermore, MAP kinase activation in response to a low concentration of LPA was inhibited by botulinum C3 exoenzyme. These results indicate that LPA-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of SHPS-1 and its association with SHP-2 may be mediated by a RHO-dependent pathway that includes FAK and a SRC family kinase. Thus, in addition to its role in receptor tyrosine kinase-mediated MAP kinase activation, the formation of a complex between SHPS-1 and SHP-2 may, in part, play an important role in the activation of MAP kinase in response to low concentrations of LPA.

PMID:
9662335
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1201839
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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