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Mol Cell. 1998 Jan;1(2):171-82.

Ero1p: a novel and ubiquitous protein with an essential role in oxidative protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum.

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Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0450, USA.


The structure of many proteins entering the secretory pathway is dependent on stabilization by disulfide bonds. To support disulfide-linked folding, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) must maintain a strongly oxidizing environment compared to the highly reduced environment of the cytosol. We report here the identification and characterization of Ero1p, a novel and essential ER-resident protein. Mutations in Ero1p cause extreme sensitivity to the reducing agent DTT, whereas overexpression confers DTT resistance. Strikingly, compromised Ero1p function results in ER retention of disulfide-stabilized proteins in a reduced, nonnative form, while not affecting structural maturation of a disulfide-free protein. We conclude that there exists a specific cellular redox machinery required for disulfide-linked protein folding in the ER and that Ero1p is an essential component of this machinery.

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