Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Jul;155(7):954-9.

Adolescent physical abuse: risk for adolescent psychiatric disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, North Shore University Hospital, New York University School of Medicine, Manhasset 11030, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The present study examined whether physical abuse functions as an additional risk factor for adolescent psychopathology after other important known risk factors are controlled for.

METHOD:

The authors recruited 99 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years directly from the New York State Department of Social Services after official documentation of physical abuse. The abused adolescents were compared to 99 nonabused adolescents matched for age, gender, race, and community income. Diagnostic interviews and measures of selected risk factors for psychopathology were administered to the adolescents and their parents and then entered into a multiple logistic regression model testing the added risk contributed by physical abuse to adolescent psychopathology.

RESULTS:

Physical abuse added significantly to other risk factors in accounting for lifetime diagnoses of major depression, dysthymia, conduct disorder, drug abuse, and cigarette smoking. Physical abuse also contributed significantly to prediction of current adolescent unipolar depressive disorders, disruptive disorders, and cigarette smoking.

CONCLUSIONS:

Since physically abused adolescents are at greater risk for the development of psychiatric disorders, recognition of adolescent abuse and the provision of psychiatric and substance abuse services may reduce morbidity.

PIP:

The association between physical abuse of adolescents and adolescent psychopathology was investigated in a case-control study conducted in Long Island, New York (US). 99 White adolescents 12-18 years of age identified from the New York State Department of Social Services Central Register for Child Abuse in 1989-91 and 99 nonabused adolescents matched for age, gender, race, and community income were enrolled. Diagnostic interviews and measures of selected risk factors for psychopathology were administered to the adolescents and their parents and then entered into a multiple logistic regression model testing the added risk contributed by physical abuse. Physical abuse added significantly to other risk factors in accounting for lifetime diagnoses of major depression, dysthymia, conduct disorder, drug abuse or dependence, and cigarette smoking. Physical abuse also contributed significantly to the prediction of current adolescent unipolar depressive disorders, disruptive disorders, and cigarette smoking. These findings underscore the importance of increased identification of physically abused adolescents so that mental health and substance abuse services can be provided.

Comment in

PMID:
9659863
DOI:
10.1176/ajp.155.7.954
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center