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Exp Lung Res. 1998 Jul-Aug;24(4):419-36.

Genetics of quantitative and qualitative aspects of lung tumorigenesis in the mouse: multiple interacting Susceptibility to lung cancer (Sluc) genes with large effects.

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The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Division of Molecular Genetics (H4), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Inbred strains of mice exhibit large differences in their susceptibility to various complex quantitative genetic traits, among which is the susceptibility to lung cancer. These differences are caused by the combined effects of multiple quantitative trait loci (QTLs). Due to their multiplicity, it is relatively difficult and laborious to study the effects of individual QTLs. To dissect complex genetic traits the authors make use of recombinant congenic strains (RCS), a system of mouse inbred strains in which the genetic complexity is reduced. The susceptibility to lung cancer is studied by using the series of O20-congenic-B10.O20 (OcB) RC strains. They are derived from the parental background strain O20 and the parental donor strain B10.O20, two mouse inbred strains that differ from each other in both quantitative and qualitative aspects of lung tumorigenesis. This study describes the segregation of lung tumor number, size, and histology among the OcB RC strains, and indicates that these traits are influenced by multiple interacting QTLs with considerable individual effects. The results suggest that some of the susceptibility loci to lung cancer affect the susceptibility to other types of cancer as well, possibly by functioning systematically.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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