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Scand J Soc Med. 1998 Jun;26(2):133-44.

How to measure sickness absence? Literature review and suggestion of five basic measures.

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1
Department of Health and Environment, Linköping University, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine different sick-leave measures used in sickness absence research, and to suggest a systematic way of assessing sickness absence.

METHODS:

A review and analysis of five major studies on sick-leave performed 1983-1988 with an epidemiological approach.

RESULTS:

Terminology and measures used varied in the different studies reviewed. The choice of a certain measure was seldom discussed in relation to the aim of the study. Based on the review five measures are suggested: frequency, length, incidence rate, cumulative incidence and duration. The definition of incidence rate is new and is a measure useful in studies of recurrent events within epidemiology.

CONCLUSIONS:

We have reviewed sick-leave measures previously used in the literature and suggested five basic measures for assessing sick-leave.

PMID:
9658514
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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