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Biochemistry. 1998 Jul 7;37(27):9650-7.

TIMP-1 contact sites and perturbations of stromelysin 1 mapped by NMR and a paramagnetic surface probe.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA.


Surfaces of the 173 residue catalytic domain of human matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3(DeltaC)) affected by binding of the N-terminal, 126 residue inhibitory domain of human TIMP-1 (N-TIMP-1) have been investigated using an amide-directed, NMR-based approach. The interface was mapped by a novel method that compares amide proton line broadening by paramagnetic Gd-EDTA in the presence and absence of the binding partner. The results are consistent with the X-ray model of the complex of MMP-3(DeltaC) with TIMP-1 (Gomis-RĂ¼th et al. (1997) Nature 389, 77-81). Residues Tyr155, Asn162, Val163, Leu164, His166, Ala167, Ala169, and Phe210 of MMP-3(DeltaC) are protected from broadening by the Gd-EDTA probe by binding to N-TIMP-1. N-TIMP-1-induced exposure of backbone amides of Asp238, Asn240, Gly241, and Ser244 of helix C of MMP-3(DeltaC) to Gd-EDTA confirms that the displacement of the N-terminus of MMP-3(DeltaC) occurs not only in the crystal but also in solution. These results validate comparative paramagnetic surface probing as a means of mapping protein-protein interfaces. Novel N-TIMP-1-dependent changes in hydrogen bonding near the active site of MMP-3(DeltaC) are reported. N-TIMP-1 binding causes the amide of Tyr223 of MMP-3(DeltaC) bound by N-TIMP-1 to exchange with water rapidly, implying a lack of the hydrogen bond observed in the crystal structure. The backbone amide proton of Asn162 becomes protected from rapid exchange upon forming a complex with N-TIMP-1 and could form a hydrogen bond to N-TIMP-1. N-TIMP-1 binding dramatically increases the rate of amide hydrogen exchange of Asp177 of the fifth beta strand of MMP-3(DeltaC), disrupting its otherwise stable hydrogen bond.

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