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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Jun 29;1385(2):353-66.

The pyruvate dehydrogenase multi-enzyme complex from Gram-negative bacteria.

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Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Laboratory of Biochemistry, Wageningen Agricultural University, Dreijenlaan 3, 6703 HA Wageningen, Netherlands.


Pyruvate dehydrogenase multi-enzyme complexes from Gram-negative bacteria consists of three enzymes, pyruvate dehydrogenase/decarboxylase (E1p), dihydrolipoyl acetyltransferase (E2p) and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3). The acetyltransferase harbors all properties required for multi-enzyme catalysis: it forms a large core of 24 subunits, it contains multiple binding sites for the E1p and E3 components, the acetyltransferase catalytic site and mobile substrate carrying lipoyl domains that visit the active sites. Today, the Azotobacter vinelandii complex is the best understood oxo acid dehydrogenase complex with respect to structural details. A description of multi-enzyme catalysis starts with the structural and catalytic properties of the individual components of the complex. Integration of the individual properties is obtained by a description of how the many copies of the individual enzymes are arranged in the complex and how the lipoyl domains couple the activities of the respective active sites by way of flexible linkers. These latter aspects are the most difficult to study and future research need to be aimed at these properties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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