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Am J Physiol. 1998 Jul;275(1 Pt 1):G39-46.

LPS receptor CD14 participates in release of TNF-alpha in RAW 264.7 and peritoneal cells but not in kupffer cells.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7220, USA.


Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a bacterial polymer that stimulates macrophages to release tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). In macrophages (RAW 264.7 and peritoneal cells), LPS binds to the CD14 surface receptor as the first step toward signaling. Liver macrophages, Kupffer cells, are the most numerous fixed-tissue macrophage in the body. The presence of CD14 on Kupffer cells and its role in LPS stimulation of TNF-alpha were examined. TNF-alpha release by Kupffer cells after LPS stimulation was the same in the presence and absence of serum. RAW 264.7 and peritoneal cells, which utilize the CD14 receptor, released significantly less TNF-alpha after LPS stimulation in the absence of serum because of the absence of LPS-binding protein. Phosphatidylinositol-phospholipase C treatment, which cleaves the CD14 receptor, decreased LPS-stimulated TNF-alpha release by RAW 264.7 cells but not by Kupffer cells. Deacylated LPS (dLPS) competes with LPS at the CD14 receptor when incubated in a ratio of 100:1 (dLPS/LPS). Such competition blocked LPS-stimulated TNF-alpha release from RAW 264.7 cells but not from Kupffer cells. Western and fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis directly demonstrated the presence of CD14 on RAW 264.7 cells and murine peritoneal cells but showed only minimal amounts of CD14 in murine Kupffer cells. LPS stimulation did not increase the amount of CD14 detectable on mouse Kupffer cells. CD14 expression is very low in Kupffer cells, and LPS-stimulated TNF-alpha release is independent of CD14 in these cells.

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