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J Neuroimmunol. 1998 Jun 1;86(1):80-6.

Human lymphocytes express substance P and its receptor.

Author information

1
Joseph Stokes Jr. Research Institute at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 19104, USA.

Abstract

We present data demonstrating the gene expression of substance P (SP) and its receptor in human peripheral blood-isolated lymphocytes. Using reverse transcribed polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, preprotachykinin-A (substance-P) mRNA is detected in human peripheral blood-isolated lymphocytes. Among the alpha, beta, and gamma transcripts of the SP gene, only the beta and gamma transcripts are detectable in these cells. These RT-PCR amplified transcripts are recognized by Southern blot assay using a specific SP probe. Direct DNA sequence analysis of the RT-PCR products from lymphocytes also confirmed the structure of these transcripts which are identical to those found in human neuronal cells. At the protein level, human lymphocytes produced endogenous SP as determined by an enzyme immunoassay. Capsaicin, a vanillyl fatty acid amide (ingredient of hot pepper), released preformed SP from lymphocytes. In addition, using RT/nested-PCR analysis, we identified the presence of mRNA for neurokinin-1 receptor (the receptor for SP) in human peripheral blood-isolated lymphocytes, which was confirmed by Southern blot and DNA sequencing analysis. The demonstration that human lymphocytes express SP and its receptor support the notion that SP is biologically involved in regulating the functions of these cells in an autocrine fashion.

PMID:
9655475
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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