Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Res Dev Disabil. 1998 May-Jun;19(3):281-94.

The effects of biological and social risk factors on special education placement: birth weight and maternal education as an example.

Author information

  • 1University of Miami, Department of Psychology, Coral Gables, FL 33124-0721, USA.


The effects of birth weight (BW) and maternal education (ME) on special education placement at age 10 were studied. Epidemiologic methods quantified risk to the individual and to the population using an electronically linked, county-wide database of birth and school records. A dose-response relationship was found between BW and ME. High ME may serve as a buffer for children with a biological risk for developmental delays. A clinically important finding was that children born with very low BW to mothers with low ME were at a high level of individual risk for receiving special education services. However, such children accounted for a small number of the overall cases. The largest percentage of children receiving special education services had the single risk factor of low ME. From a public policy standpoint, children born to mothers with low levels of education are an important group to target for early intervention.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center