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J Infect Dis. 1998 Jul;178(1):207-12.

Vacuolating toxin production in clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori with different vacA genotypes.

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Department of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, Republic of China.


A vacuolating cytotoxin encoded by vacA in Helicobacter pylori is known as a potential virulent determinant. The relationship between different vacA alleles, vacuolating ability, and H. pylori-related diseases was investigated. Genetic analysis of 119 isolates from Taiwanese patients revealed that 104 strains were s1a/m2, 13 strains were characterized as the s1a/m1T type, which was more homologous to the s1a/m1 strains, and 2 were characterized as the s1a/m1Tm2 chimeric type. Production of high-grade cytotoxin among 11 strains with s1a/m1T was higher (72.7%) than among 66 strains with s1a/m2 (21.2%) (P < .01). Peptic ulcer occurred in 76.9% of 13 patients with s1a/m1T strains compared with 46.2% of 104 patients with s1a/m2 strains (P < .05). These results suggest that s1a/m1T strains are associated with increased cytotoxic activity and higher ulcer prevalence than are s1a/m2 strains.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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