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J Infect Dis. 1998 Jul;178(1):109-13.

Mortality in the first 2 years among infants born to human immunodeficiency virus-infected women in Harare, Zimbabwe.

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Department of Immunology, University of Zimbabwe, Harare.


Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and mortality was studied among infants of infected women in Zimbabwe. Of 367 infants born to HIV-infected women, 72 (19.6%) died compared with 20 (5.4%) of 372 infants of uninfected women (P < .01). Infection by HIV DNA polymerase chain reaction among infants who survived >7 days and died within 2 years could be assessed in 87% (58/67) of infants of infected women and 83% (5/6) of infants of uninfected women; transmission occurred in 40 of 58 infants. Among 27 infected infants tested at birth, 19 (70%), 5 (19%), and 3 (11%) were apparently infected via in utero, intrapartum or early postpartum, and late postpartum transmission, respectively. The majority of HIV-infected infants who died in the first 2 years of life were likely to have acquired in utero infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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