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J Biol Chem. 1998 Jul 10;273(28):17859-64.

The N-terminal region of yeast TFIIB contains two adjacent functional domains involved in stable RNA polymerase II binding and transcription start site selection.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and the Center for Advanced Molecular Biology and Immunology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo New York 14214-3000, USA.

Abstract

The general transcription factor IIB (TFIIB) is required for accurate and efficient transcription of protein-coding genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). To define functional domains in the highly conserved N-terminal region of TFIIB, we have analyzed 14 site-directed substitution mutants of yeast TFIIB for their ability to support cell viability, transcription in vitro, accurate start site selection in vitro and in vivo, and to form stable complexes with purified RNAPII in vitro. Mutations impairing the formation of stable TFIIB.RNAPII complexes mapped to the zinc ribbon fold, whereas mutations conferring downstream shifts in transcription start site selection were identified at multiple positions within a highly conserved homology block adjacent and C-terminal to the zinc ribbon. These results demonstrate that the N-terminal region of yeast TFIIB contains two separable and adjacent functional domains involved in stable RNAPII binding and transcription start site selection, suggesting that downstream shifts in transcription start site selection do not result from impairment of stable TFIIB.RNAPII binding. We discuss models for yeast start site selection in which TFIIB may affect the ability of preinitiation complexes to interact with downstream DNA or to affect start site recognition by a scanning polymerase.

PMID:
9651390
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.273.28.17859
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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