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Life Sci. 1998;62(26):PL401-7.

Pharmacological characterization of the pseudopterosins: novel anti-inflammatory natural products isolated from the Caribbean soft coral, Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae.

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Midwestern University, Department of Pharmacology, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA.


Pseudopterosin E (PSE), a C-10 linked fucose glycoside and pseudopterosin A (PSA), a C-9 xylose glycoside isolated from the marine gorgonian Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae were both effective in reducing PMA-induced mouse ear edema when administered topically (ED50 (microg/ear) PSE(38), PSA(8)) or systemically (ED50 (mg/kg, i.p.) PSE (14), PSA (32)). Both compounds exhibited in vivo analgesic activity in phenyl-p-benzoquinone-induced writhing (ED50 (mg/kg, i.p.) PSE(14), PSA(4). PSE inhibited zymosan-induced writhing (ED50 = 6 mg/kg, i.p.), with a concomitant dose-dependent inhibition of peritoneal exudate 6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha (ED50 = 24 mg/kg) and leukotriene C4 (ED50 = 24 mg/kg). In vitro, the pseudopterosins were inactive as inhibitors of phospholipase A2, cyclooxygenase, cytokine release, or as regulators of adhesion molecule expression. PSA inhibited prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene C4 production in zymosan-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages (IC50 = 4 microM and 1 microM, respectively); however, PSE was much less effective. These data suggest that the pseudopterosins may mediate their anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting eicosanoid release from inflammatory cells in a concentration and dose-dependent manner.

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