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FEBS Lett. 1998 Jun 12;429(2):201-6.

Identification of an uncoupling mutation affecting the b subunit of F1F0 ATP synthase in Escherichia coli.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA.


A specific b subunit arginine, b(Arg-36) in Escherichia coli, displays evolutionary conservation among bacterial F1F0 ATP synthases. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to generate a collection of mutations affecting b(Arg-36). The phenotype differed depending upon the substitution, and the b(Arg-36-Glu) and b(Arg-36-Ile) substitutions virtually abolished enzyme function. Although the total amounts of F1F0 ATP synthase present in the membranes prepared from mutant strains were reduced, the primary effect of the b(Arg-36) substitutions was on the activities of the intact enzyme complexes. The most interesting result was that the b(Arg-36-Glu) substitution results in the uncoupling of a functional F0 from F1 ATP hydrolysis activity.

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