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Carbohydr Res. 1997 Dec;305(3-4):415-22.

Chemoenzymatic synthesis of a novel glycopeptide using a microbial endoglycosidase.

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Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Japan.


The chemoenzymatic synthesis of a glycopeptide by chemical synthesis of N-acetylglucosaminyl peptide and enzymatic transfer of an oligosaccharide is described. We synthesized glycosylated Peptide T which blocks infection of human T cells by human immunodeficiency virus. The first step of the chemoenzymatic method is the solid-phase chemical synthesis of N-acetylglucosaminyl Peptide T (Ala-Ser-Thr-Thr-Thr-Asn(GlcNAc)-Tyr-Thr) with an N-acetylglucosamine moiety bound to the asparaginyl residue by a solid-phase method. This product was prepared in high yield by the dimethylphosphinothioic mixed anhydride method without protecting the hydroxyl functions of the sugar moiety using Fmoc-N-acetylglucosaminyl asparagine instead of Fmoc-asparagine. The second step was transglycosylation of complex type oligosaccharide to N-acetylglucosaminyl Peptide T by a microbial endoglycosidase. The endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase of Mucor hiemalis transfer the oligosaccharide of human transferrin glycopeptide to N-acetylglucosaminyl Peptide T. The transglycosylation product was confirmed to be the glycosylated Peptide T with a sialo biantennary complex type oligosaccharide by mass spectrometry. The glycosylated Peptide T was highly stable against proteolysis in comparison to native Peptide T and N-acetylglucosaminyl Peptide T.

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