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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Jun 29;247(3):809-13.

Nitric oxide inhibits c-Jun N-terminal kinase 2 (JNK2) via S-nitrosylation.

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Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan Chonbuk, South Korea.


S-nitrosylation by S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), a nitric oxide (NO) donor, suppresses the phosphotransferase activity of cJun N-terminal kinase 2 (JNK2)/stress activated protein kinase (SAPK) in dose- and time-dependent manners in vitro. JNK2 activity is significantly decreased at 10 microM of GSNO, which is dramatically reversed by adding 10 mM of DTT. Reduced form of glutathione protects the GSNO-induced suppression of JNK2 activation in a dose-dependent fashion. However, GSNO-treated Sek1 does not affect the JNK2 activity of phosphotransferation toward c-Jun N-terminal1-79 protein. These results indicate that NO may exert a regulatory role of JNK2 activity by S-nitrosylation of the protein in apoptotic signaling pathway. Suppression of JNK2 phosphotransferase activity by NO is also supported by the observation that NO plays an important anti-apoptotic roles in heptocytes, splenocytes, eosinophils and B lymphocytes.

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