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Endocrinology. 1998 Jul;139(7):3353-6.

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) activates the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, inducing small heat shock protein phosphorylation and cell rounding in immature rat ovarian granulosa cells.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

Abstract

This study investigates the possibility that FSH activates the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in immature granulosa cells (GC). FSH induced the phosphorylation (activation) of p38 MAPK as evaluated by immunoprecipitation and by phosphorylation-specific immunoblotting. FSH-induced phosphorylation of p38 MAPK was blocked by pretreatment with the protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor H89 and mimicked by the cAMP generating agonist forskolin, indicating that FSH-induced cAMP production and PKA activation are necessary and sufficient for the activation of p38 MAPK in GC. The small heat shock protein HSP-27 comprises a downstream phosphorylation target for the p38 MAPK pathway. FSH-induced phosphorylation of HSP-27 was blocked by pretreatment with the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB 203580, indicating that p38 MAPK activation is necessary for FSH-induced HSP-27 phosphorylation. FSH-induced GC rounding/aggregation was blocked by pretreatment with SB 203580 indicating that p38 MAPK activation is necessary for FSH-induced GC cell shape change. The results of these experiments show that the p38 MAPK pathway is activated in GC in response to FSH in a cAMP/PKA-dependent manner, and that p38 MAPK activity is required for FSH-induced HSP-27 phosphorylation as well as rounding/aggregation in GC.

PMID:
9645711
DOI:
10.1210/endo.139.7.6188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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