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Endocrinology. 1998 Jul;139(7):3241-8.

Phospholipase D- and protein kinase C isoenzyme-dependent signal transduction pathways activated by the calcitonin receptor.

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Department of Histology and Medical Embryology, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.


The calcitonin receptor expressed by the porcine LLC-PK1 renal tubule cells is a seven-transmembrane domain, G protein-coupled receptor activating adenylyl-cyclase and phospholipase C. Salmon calcitonin stimulated dose- and time-dependent release of the phospholipase D-dependent phosphatidylcholine product [3H] choline with an EC50 = 2.5 +/-0.3 x 10(-8) M, similar to that determined for phosphoinositide metabolism (EC50 = 4.5 +/-1.0 x 10(-8)M). The hormone failed to induce release of [3H]phosphocholine and [3H]glycerophosphocholine, ruling out activation of phosphatydilcholine-specific phospholipase C and phospholipase A. Calcitonin stimulated phosphatidic acid, a product of phospholipase D-dependent phosphatydilcholine hydrolysis. Activation of phospholipase D was confirmed by release of [3H]phosphatydilethanol, a specific and stable product in the presence of a primary alcohol. Activation of calcitonin receptor induced diacylglycerol formation, with a rapid peak followed by a prolonged increase, due to activation of phospholipase C and of phospholipase D. Consequently, the protein kinase-C alpha, but not the delta isoenzyme, was cytosol-to-membrane translocated by approximately 50% after 20 min exposure to calcitonin, whereas protein kinase-C zeta, which was approximately 40% membrane-linked in unstimulated cells, translocated by approximately 19%. The human calcitonin receptor expressed by BIN-67 ovary tumor cells, although displaying higher affinity for calcitonin, failed to activate phospholipase D and protein kinase-C in response to the hormone. This receptor lacks the G protein binding consensus site due to the presence of a 48-bp cassette encoding for a 16-amino acid insert in the predicted first intracellular loop. This modification is likely to prevent the calcitonin receptor from associating to phospholipase-coupled signaling.

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