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Free Radic Res. 1998 Feb;28(2):115-23.

The oxidative inactivation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) by hypochlorous acid (HOCI) is suppressed by anti-rheumatic drugs.

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Department of Medicine Royal Adelaide Hospital, University of Adelaide, South Australia.


Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) prevent uncontrolled connective tissue destruction by limiting the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). That TIMPs should be susceptible to oxidative inactivation is suggested by their complex tertiary structure which is dependent upon 6 disulphide bonds. We examined the oxidative inactivation of human recombinant TIMP-1 (hr TIMP-1) by HOCl and the inhibition of this process by anti-rheumatic agents. TIMP-1 was exposed to HOCl in the presence of a variety of disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. TIMP-1 activity was measured by its ability to inhibit BC1 collagenase activity as measured by a fluorimetric assay using the synthetic peptide substrate (DNP-Pro-Leu-Ala-Leu-Trp-Ala-Arg), best cleaved by MMP-1. The neutrophil derived oxidant HOCl, but not the derived oxidant N-chlorotaurine, can inactivate TIMP-1 at concentrations achieved at sites of inflammation. Anti-rheumatic drugs have the ability to protect hrTIMP-1 from inactivation by HOCl. For D-penicillamine, this effect occurs at plasma levels achieved with patients taking the drug but for other anti-rheumatic drugs tested this occurs at relatively high concentrations that are unlikely to be achieved in vivo, except possibly in a microenvironment. These results are in keeping with the concept that biologically derived oxidants can potentiate tissue damage by inactivating key but susceptible protein inhibitors such as TIMP-1 which form the major local defence against MMP induced tissue breakdown.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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