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Digestion. 1998;59(3):186-91.

Pancreatitis-associated protein is upregulated in mouse pancreas during acute pancreatitis.

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INSERM U315, Marseille, France.


Pancreatitis-associated protein I (PAP I) is a pancreatic secretory protein strongly expressed during acute pancreatitis in the rat and human. We hypothesized that its expression was part of a general and coordinated response of the organ against aggression. An opposite pattern of PAP I mRNA expression has recently been described in the mouse. The murine PAP I mRNA was described to be highly expressed in normal pancreas and down-regulated during pancreatitis. The important implications of these unexpected findings led us to investigate the expression of murine PAP I in cerulein-induced pancreatitis. Northern blot analysis demonstrated a very low level of PAP I mRNA in the healthy mouse pancreas and strong overexpression during acute pancreatitis. Western blot analysis confirmed that changes in pancreatic PAP I levels were parallel to those of the mRNA and the protein was localized by immunohistochemistry to the acinar cells. It was concluded that, during the course of acute pancreatitis, the pattern of PAP I expression in the mouse pancreas was comparable to that already observed in the rat and human. Although we have no explanation for the discrepancy between our results and those recently reported, the expression pattern of PAP I in the mouse exocrine pancreas described in the present study suggests that the pancreatic response to aggression might be conserved in mammals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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